Acute Thoughts, Exercise Consistency, and Coping Self-Efficacy1


  • 1

    This study was supported by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) doctoral fellowship awarded to the first author.

concerning this article should be addressed to Nancy Gyurcsik, Department of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, 8 Natatorium, Manhattan, KS 66506. E-mail:


One study purpose was to determine whether individuals classified with respect to consistency of exercise adherence and acute thinking tone differed on coping self-efficacy, decisional struggle, exercise intention, and affect. A second study purpose was to examine whether coping self-efficacy predicted struggle, intention, and affect. Participants were 160 healthy people (Mage = 25.6 years) exercising in fitness settings. Social cognitive, affect, and exercise consistency measures were obtained concurrently. A multivariate analysis indicated that positive thinkers experienced significantly lower decisional struggle and higher coping self-efficacy compared to negative thinkers. Further, consistent exercisers experienced significantly lower decisional struggle and higher coping self-efficacy, intention, and positive affect compared to inconsistent exercisers. Regression analyses indicated that coping self-efficacy significantly predicted decisional struggle and intention.