This article is based on the first author's dissertation research completed at the University of Oklahoma-Norman. The authors thank William R. Lovallo for his comments on an earlier draft of this article. The first author is indebted to Anny Su for her encouragement and unconditional support during this project.
The Effect of Later Life Parental Divorce on Adult-Child/Older-Parent Solidarity: A Test of the Buffering Hypothesis†
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 33, Issue 6, pages 1153–1178, June 2003
How to Cite
Nakonezny, P. A., Rodgers, J. L. and Nussbaum, J. F. (2003), The Effect of Later Life Parental Divorce on Adult-Child/Older-Parent Solidarity: A Test of the Buffering Hypothesis. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33: 1153–1178. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2003.tb01943.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
The present study examined the effect of later life parental divorce on solidarity in the relationship between the adult child and older parent. This examination was achieved by testing the buffering hypothesis. A cross-sectional quasiexperimental pre-post treatment design was used (Cook & Campbell, 1979), with retrospective pretests and data from 100 adult-child/older-parent dyads. The ANOVA results show that the mother/adult-child relationship with a higher degree of predivorce solidarity responded to later life parental divorce with less disruption of affectional solidarity and associational solidarity than those with a lower degree of predivorce solidarity. Thus, the current research provides modest evidence (for the mother/adult-child relationship) to support the buffering hypothesis. We found no evidence of a buffering effect for the father-child relationship.