This paper was made possible by a research grant provided by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Conclusions drawn or recommendations made are those of the authors and do not represent the view of officers, staff, or membership of the NCAA. The authors thank the anonymous reviewers of this manuscript for their comments and suggestions during the review process.
Teammates On and Off the Field? Contact With Black Teammates and the Racial Attitudes of White Student Athletes1
Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 33, Issue 7, pages 1379–1403, July 2003
How to Cite
Brown, K. T., Brown, T. N., Jackson, J. S., Sellers, R. M. and Manuel, W. J. (2003), Teammates On and Off the Field? Contact With Black Teammates and the Racial Attitudes of White Student Athletes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33: 1379–1403. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2003.tb01954.x
- Issue online: 31 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
The intergroup contact hypothesis holds that proximate, cooperative interactions on an equalized basis between Blacks and Whites can minimize Whites’ prejudice (Allport, 1954). This experiment investigated the effect of contact between White and Black high school teammates on White student athletes’ racial attitudes. Using the 1996 Social and Group Experiences (SAGE) survey (created by the authors and administered in the Fall of 1996) commissioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the results indicated a significant relationship between amount of contact with Black teammates in high school and racial policy support and affect, depending on the type of sport played. White student athletes playing team sports who had higher percentages of Blacks as high school teammates expressed more policy support for and greater positive affect toward Blacks as a group than did their counterparts playing individual sports. The role of athletic experiences in changing racial attitudes is discussed.