At the time of submission, Monica Ruiz was affiliated with the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine. Ruiz is presently affiliated with the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. The views expressed in this paper do not necessarily represent the views of either the National Research Council or any of its constituent units, or of the National Institutes of Health or any of its constituent units.
HIV-Related Behaviors Among Prison Inmates: A Theory of Planned Behavior Analysis1
Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 33, Issue 12, pages 2565–2586, December 2003
How to Cite
Bryan, A., Ruiz, M. S. and O'Neill, D. (2003), HIV-Related Behaviors Among Prison Inmates: A Theory of Planned Behavior Analysis. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33: 2565–2586. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2003.tb02781.x
This study was supported by funding from Community Partners in Action, and we thank the Connecticut Department of Corrections for their assistance. The authors thank the HIV educators for their efforts in data collection: Dennis Kapp, Walter Paplausisas, Wendy Decker, Marianne Kelly, Susan Johnson, Jacqueline Delgado, and Kelli Clapp. We also thank the Department of Public Health (DPH) for the State of Connecticut, as well as Chris Andresen, Chief of AIDS Education within the DPH. Additionally, we thank our undergraduate research assistants, particularly Kimberly Chestnut, for managing data organization and entry. Finally, we thank the inmates for their time and participation in this study.
- Issue online: 31 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Prison inmates have high prevalence rates for both HIV and AIDS, creating a great need for HIV prevention efforts. We tested the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in 3 domains: intention to engage in condom use when released, intention to not share tattoo equipment in prison, and intention to not share needles or tattoo equipment when released. A total of 478 inmates (87% male) completed TPB and sexual and needle-use risk behavior measures. TPB constructs accounted for a significant variance in intention to use condoms among African American, Hispanic, and Caucasian inmates, though the strength of the relationships differed by ethnicity. The TPB was less successful for intention to share tattooing equipment and not to share needles or tattoo equipment after release.