The authors thank Dean Owen for his valuable contributions to this research. This research was conducted with the financial assistance of University of Canterbury Research Committee Grant #U6279.
Changing Kinematics as a Means of Reducing Vulnerability to Physical Attack1
Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 34, Issue 3, pages 514–537, March 2004
How to Cite
Johnston, L., Hudson, S. M., Richardson, M. J., Gunns, R. E. and Garner, M. (2004), Changing Kinematics as a Means of Reducing Vulnerability to Physical Attack. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34: 514–537. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2004.tb02559.x
- Issue online: 31 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Three experiments investigated whether women can change their walking style and hence reduce their vulnerability to physical attack. In Experiment 1, women were videotaped walking normally and when imagining themselves in a situation of low personal safety. Women were rated as harder to attack in the low safety condition. Differences in walking style accounted for differences in ease-of-attack ratings. Experiment 2 compared walking styles and vulnerability of women before and after completing a self-defense course. No differences were seen across sessions. Experiment 3 investigated walking styles and vulnerability of women before and after completing individualized walking training programs. Differences in vulnerability between sessions were revealed and could be accounted for by changes in walking-style features.