The authors thank Mitch Handelsman, Joy Berrenberg, Beth Haley, and Judy Solecki for their comments and support of this research project.
Distinctions Among Stigmatized Groups1
Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 35, Issue 1, pages 1–14, January 2005
How to Cite
Towler, A. J. and Schneider, D. J. (2005), Distinctions Among Stigmatized Groups. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35: 1–14. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2005.tb02090.x
- Issue online: 31 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
This research investigated how individuals classify and distinguish among stigmatized groups. In Study 1, participants sorted 54 stigmas based on perceived similarity and then provided evaluations. Cluster analysis revealed 7 stigma clusters, including physical disability, mental disability, economically disadvantaged, social deviants, physical appearance, sexual identity, and racial identity. Multidimensional scaling showed that the stigmas differed on dimensions of social undesirability, controllability, and general pity. In Study 2, participants provided evaluation ratings of stigmas across 6 situations. Results confirmed the validity of the 7-cluster solution.