This study examined the psychological impact of partner violence on 240 Spanish women who were identified as abused, comparing them to a control group of 240 non-abused women. The abused women suffered more long-lasting anxiety and insomnia, severe depression, and somatic symptomatology, and also had lower self-esteem than did the non-abused women. The severity of the psychological abuse was correlated positively with the severity of the physical abuse, while the number of years of abuse endured correlated with the women's age and number of children. The most relevant variable for predicting severe depression, social dysfunction, anxiety and insomnia, and somatic symptoms was low self-esteem.