The Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire: Development and Preliminary Validation of a Community Version1

Authors


  • 1

    This study was funded by a St. John's University Seed Grant to the first author. Portions of this paper were presented at the 22nd annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, Seattle, Washington, March 2001; and the 109th annual convention of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, California, August 2001.

  • 3

    There is little consensus on the best terms to use to distinguish among groups based on pheno-typic or cultural characteristics, and both scientific and political factors influence the debate. Some terms (e.g., Black) have been used to refer to racial groups, {footnote continues on the next page)

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Elizabeth Brondolo, Department of Psychology, St. John's University, 8000 Utopia Parkway, Jamaica, NY 11439. E-mail: brondole@stjohns.edu

Abstract

This paper describes 2 studies that evaluated a new instrument, the Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire-Community Version (PEDQ-CV). The PEDQ-CV can be used across ethnic groups to assess perceived racism or ethnic discrimination. The scales measure several subdimensions of racism, permitting the examination of different forms of this race-related stressor. The first study evaluated the psychometric properties of the PEDQ-CV in a large sample of community-dwelling adults. The second evaluated psychometric properties of a brief version of the PEDQ-CV, developed for research protocols requiring a shorter administration time. Tests were made of reliability and several forms of construct validity. Both versions of the PEDQ-CV have good reliability and construct validity. The PEDQ-CV can facilitate the development of an integrative body of knowledge across different ethnic groups regarding the existence, determinants, and consequences of discrimination.

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