Preparation of this manuscript and the research described in it was supported by a grant to the first author from the National Science Foundation (BCS-9905397) and a Research Experiences for Undergraduates supplement that supported the efforts of the second author. Preparation of this manuscript also was facilitated by a National Research Council Senior Research Associateship Award that the first author held at the Air Force Research Laboratory, Human Effectiveness Directorate, Brooks Air Force Base. Portions of this research were presented at the 25th International Congress of Applied Psychology in Singapore. An additional description of this study that does not consider the Motivational Trait Questionnaire and the research questions addressed in this manuscript has been submitted for publication (Hinsz, 2001). We appreciate the comments of Sharon Garcia and journal reviewers on earlier drafts of this manuscript. Dustin K. Jundt is now at Michigan State University.
Exploring Individual Differences in a Goal-Setting Situation Using the Motivational Trait Questionnaire1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 35, Issue 3, pages 551–571, March 2005
How to Cite
Hinsz, V. B. and Jundt, D. K. (2005), Exploring Individual Differences in a Goal-Setting Situation Using the Motivational Trait Questionnaire. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35: 551–571. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2005.tb02135.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
We examined the Motivational Trait Questionnaire (MTQ) in a goal-setting situation to determine the capability of motivational traits to predict task performance and core variables associated with goal-setting: self-efficacy, personal goals, and goal commitment. The MTQ measures individual differences in motivation to perform tasks utilizing 6 underlying scales that reflect the 3 traits of personal mastery, competitive excellence, and motivation related to anxiety. Generally consistent with hypotheses, we found that higher levels of the desire to learn, mastery, other-referenced goals, competitiveness, and emotionality scales were predictive of personal goals, self-efficacy, and practice, or postgoal performance of an idea-generation task. Our findings led us to believe that the MTQ is a reliable and useful way of measuring stable motivational constructs, particularly in a goal-setting situation.