Differences Between Condom Users and Condom Nonusers in Their Multidimensional Condom Attitudes


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Terri Conley, Department of Psychology and Institute for Women's and Gender Studies, University of Missouri-St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63121. E-mail: conleyte@umsl.edu


In two studies, we examined multidimensional condom attitudes of college students separately for (a) condom users vs. condom nonusers, (b) women vs. men, and (c) partnered individuals vs. single individuals (Study 1). Almost all single people (97%) expected to use condoms during each incident of sexual intercourse during the next 2 months. Across both studies, condom users were distinguished from nonusers by the attitude that condom use would interfere with sexual pleasure, and by skepticism that they would be able to use condoms in the face of obstacles (i.e., the action-maintenance dimension of condom attitudes). These effects held for expected future condom use, as well as current condom use. One gender difference also emerged across both studies: Men were more concerned about condoms interfering with sexual pleasure than were women. Implications for condom-use promotion are discussed.