The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) was funded by the National Institute on Aging, the National Institute of Nursing Research, and the Office of Research on Women's Health of the National Institutes of Health. Supplemental funding from the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute on Child and Human Development, the National Center on Complementary and Alternative Medicine, and the Office of AIDS Research is also gratefully acknowledged. We thank the study staff at each site, the Pittsburgh Community Advisory Board, and all of the women who participated in SWAN. The manuscript was reviewed by the Publications and Presentations Committee of SWAN and has its endorsement.
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 35, Issue 10, pages 2057–2075, October 2005
How to Cite
Brown, C., Matthews, K. A. and Bromberger, J. (2005), How Do African American and Caucasian Women View Themselves at Midlife?. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35: 2057–2075. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2005.tb02209.x
Clinical Centers: University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U01 NR04061); Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (UO1 AG12531); Rush University, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL (UO1 AG12505); University of California, David/Kaiser (U01 AG12554); University of California, Los Angeles (U01 A12539); University of Medicine and Dentistry-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ (U01 AG12535); and the University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (U01 AG12546). Central Laboratory: University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (U01 AG12495). Coordinating Center: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (UO1 AG12553).
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
This report examines midlife perceptions of African American and Caucasian women. African American and Caucasian women (aged 42 to 52) completed self-report measures of midlife perceptions, health status, and personality factors. Women had positive perceptions of themselves at midlife; few women reported interpersonal isolation or hopelessness. More optimistic women reported a more positive perception of their current identity and security at midlife. African American women reported more positive perceptions than did Caucasian women. Among those who reported more stressful life events and financial difficulty, African Americans had more positive perceptions, whereas Caucasians had more negative perceptions. Although women tend to view themselves positively at midlife, race is an important moderator of psychosocial factors that may be associated with midlife perceptions.