This study was supported by Colorado Tobacco Research Program Grant #1R-0033, which was awarded to the first author, and a K award to the third author (NIDA, 1K01DA 1427101A1). Nicholas Perrine is now at the Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of Colorado.
Gender Differences in a Comparison of Two Tested Etiological Models of Cigarette Smoking Among Elementary School Students1
Article first published online: 25 JUL 2007
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 37, Issue 8, pages 1681–1696, August 2007
How to Cite
Swaim, R. C., Perrine, N. E. and Aloise-Young, P. A. (2007), Gender Differences in a Comparison of Two Tested Etiological Models of Cigarette Smoking Among Elementary School Students. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37: 1681–1696. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2007.00233.x
- Issue published online: 25 JUL 2007
- Article first published online: 25 JUL 2007
The theory of reasoned action (TRA), theory of planned behavior (TPB), and a revised TPB were evaluated using manifest variable structural equation modeling among 4th- through 6th-grade students for effectiveness in predicting lifetime cigarette use. TRA was an adequate model for female students, but not male students. TPB resulted in improved model fit over TRA for both male and female students, and a revised TPB model improved fit marginally among female students. Tests for differences across gender indicated that the relationship between intention to use and lifetime cigarette use was stronger among female compared to male students. The results indicate that the TPB is an effective model for predicting lifetime cigarette use among late elementary-school-aged children.