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This study assessed how changes in descriptions of hypothetical patients suffering from kidney disease impact choices about whether they should be allocated access to a life-supporting artificial kidney machine. In 2 experiments, each using a different sample, participants were given a list of prospective (fictional) patients, all of whom were described as having kidney disease, yet varied with respect to characteristics of parental status, age, and mental health status. Participants rank-ordered patients on the basis of priority for treatment. Participants favored patients who had children, were young, and were mentally healthy. Age was a larger determinant of participant choices than mental health status. Implications of these results for prejudice against those who are childless, elderly, and mentally ill are noted.