Directed Thinking and Readiness to Change Self-Beneficial Behaviors: Are You Ready for Some Studying?
Article first published online: 2 OCT 2007
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 37, Issue 10, pages 2238–2260, October 2007
How to Cite
Labansat, H. A., Ten Eyck, L. L., Gresky, D. M., Dansereau, D. F. and Lord, C. G. (2007), Directed Thinking and Readiness to Change Self-Beneficial Behaviors: Are You Ready for Some Studying?. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37: 2238–2260. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2007.00257.x
- Issue published online: 2 OCT 2007
- Article first published online: 2 OCT 2007
Previous research has suggested that intentions to engage in studying and other self-beneficial activities might be promoted more by thinking about actions one could take than by thinking about reasons for doing so. The present experiments assessed whether the relative efficacy of actions vs. reasons might depend on individuals' readiness to change. Consistent with previous findings on the processes of change most relevant in different stages, the benefits of self-generated actions were more pronounced for participants who were in the later stages of change. This “matching-to-stage” relationship occurred in 2 experiments that differed in stage measurement, how thinking was directed, and which outcomes were measured. The results have both practical and theoretical implications for attempts to change self-beneficial behaviors.