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Examining Potential Differences Between Men and Women in the Impact of Treatment Discrimination


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to George B. Cunningham, Laboratory for Diversity in Sport, Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, TAMU 4243, College Station, TX 77843–4243. E-mail:


In drawing from the nonsymmetry hypothesis, the purpose of this study was to examine the possible differential effects of treatment discrimination on the career satisfaction and occupational turnover intentions of male and female head coaches of NCAA athletic teams. Data were gathered from 200 coaches. While there were no mean differences in the extent to which treatment discrimination was experienced, results from competing structural equation models demonstrated that treatment discrimination more adversely affected the work outcomes of men than women, thereby supporting the primary study hypothesis. Results demonstrate the need to not only examine mean differences in treatment discrimination, but also the potential for differential impact among members of various social categories.