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Self-Efficacy as a Moderator of the Effects of Job-Search Workshops on Re-Employment: A Field Experiment1

Authors


  • 1

    This research was supported by the United States–Israel Binational Science Foundation Grant No. 94-49 (Principal Investigators: Arie Shirom, Richard H. Price, and Amiram Vinokur).

Arie Shirom, Faculty of Management, Tel Aviv University, P.O. Box 39010, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel. E-mail: ashirom@post.tau.ac.il

Abstract

We investigated the additive and interactive effects of self-efficacy as a possible moderator of the effects of a job-search workshop on re-employment outcomes. We recruited 659 recently unemployed respondents and randomly assigned them to an experimental group invited to participate in the job-search workshop (n = 442), or a control group (n = 217). All respondents provided pretest data using self-administered questionnaires, and posttest data using questionnaires mailed to them 1 and 6 months after the workshop. No direct effects of the intervention on re-employment outcomes were found. The pretest–posttest change in self-efficacy interacted with the experimental condition to predict 3 re-employment outcomes. However, only 1 of the 3 moderating effects found supported our prior expectation in this regard.

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