Satisfied Groups and Satisfied Members: Untangling the Between- and Within-Groups Effects of Need Satisfaction
Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
© 2008 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 38, Issue 7, pages 1805–1826, July 2008
How to Cite
Kelly, A. C., Zuroff, D. C., Leybman, M. J., Martin, E. A. and Koestner, R. (2008), Satisfied Groups and Satisfied Members: Untangling the Between- and Within-Groups Effects of Need Satisfaction. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 38: 1805–1826. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2008.00370.x
- Issue online: 28 JUN 2008
- Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
The present study investigated how individual- and group-level psychological need satisfaction (Deci & Ryan, 1985a) influence affect, intrinsic motivation, and performance satisfaction. It also examined the impact of leader personality on group need satisfaction. Groups (45) of 4 college women participated in a task, with 1 member designated “leader.” Multilevel modeling revealed significant between- and within- groups relations. Individuals in groups with higher need satisfaction reported greater pleasant affect, intrinsic motivation, and satisfaction with group performance. In addition, individuals whose need satisfaction was higher than their group's average reported greater intrinsic motivation, pleasant affect, and performance satisfaction. Group need satisfaction was found to be lower under neurotic leaders and higher under agreeable, introverted leaders. Implications for group environments are discussed.