Effects of Native American Race, Intoxication, and Crime Severity on Judgments of Guilt
Article first published online: 24 JUL 2008
© 2008 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 38, Issue 8, pages 1981–1992, August 2008
How to Cite
Struckman-Johnson, C., Miller, M. G. and Struckman-Johnson, D. (2008), Effects of Native American Race, Intoxication, and Crime Severity on Judgments of Guilt. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 38: 1981–1992. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2008.00376.x
- Issue published online: 24 JUL 2008
- Article first published online: 24 JUL 2008
The effects of Native American race, crime severity, and intoxication on 293 college students' judgments of guilt were investigated. Participants read vignettes of a robbery or a robbery resulting in murder committed by a male defendant with a Native American or a White European surname. The defendant was described as highly intoxicated in half of the conditions. A 2 × 2 × 2 ANOVA revealed a marginally significant 3-way interaction. In the robbery–murder condition, the intoxicated Native American defendant was judged as guiltier than the Native American defendant with no intoxication information. We labeled this a stereotypical drunken-Indian bias. The results suggested that judgments given by lower and higher prejudiced participants canceled each other out.