The authors thank all of the patients and clinicians who gave of their time to assist with the present research.
Gender-Role Orientation and Alcohol Treatment Outcome1
Article first published online: 24 JUL 2008
© 2008 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 38, Issue 8, pages 2179–2194, August 2008
How to Cite
John, B., Alwyn, T., Hodgson, R. J. and Phillips, C. J. (2008), Gender-Role Orientation and Alcohol Treatment Outcome. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 38: 2179–2194. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2008.00386.x
- Issue published online: 24 JUL 2008
- Article first published online: 24 JUL 2008
This study investigated the function of gender-role orientation as a predictor of socially focused alcohol treatment outcome. Participants were drawn from a randomized controlled trial involving home detoxification with an add-on psychological intervention to enhance social support and coping. Participants were classified into 4 gender-role types (androgynous, masculine, feminine, or undifferentiated). Analysis was conducted relating to differential (between gender-role groups) treatment effects in relation to the main outcome measures of alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems and self-esteem. The relationship between perceived social support and gender-role type as a function of treatment outcome was also explored. Levels of psychological masculinity and femininity were more predictive of a socially focused treatment outcome than were sex differences.