Volcanic Risk Exposure, Feelings of Insecurity, Stress, and Coping Strategies in México1

Authors

  • López-Vázquez Esperanza,

    Corresponding author
    1. Psychology School Autonomous University of the State of Morelos
      Cuernavaca, México
      Esperanza López Vázquez, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos-UNISEP, Pico de Orizaba No. 1, Col. Volcanes, 62350 Cuernavaca, Morelos, México. E-mail: espelv@yahoo.com
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  • Marván María Luisa,

    1. Center of Research and Advanced Studies of Health Sciences Medical School
      Autonomous University of the State of México
      Toluca, México
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  • Flores-Espino Fabiola,

    1. Psychology School University of the Americas–Puebla
      Cholula, México
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  • Peyrefitte Adriana

    1. Psychology School University of the Americas–Puebla
      Cholula, México
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  • 1

    The authors thank Karina Martínez Vázquez for conducting some of the surveys. The authors also thank Thomas Hunsberger and Gabriel Dorantes for reviewing the translation of the text into English.

Esperanza López Vázquez, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos-UNISEP, Pico de Orizaba No. 1, Col. Volcanes, 62350 Cuernavaca, Morelos, México. E-mail: espelv@yahoo.com

Abstract

The present study investigates stress levels, feelings of insecurity, and coping strategies used by people living near an active volcano in México (Popocatépetl). The sample was composed of 198 adults, who were divided into 4 groups according to the risk zones in which they live. They answered a questionnaire addressing feelings of insecurity regarding volcanic risk, a coping strategies scale, and a stress scale. A significant interaction between active and passive coping strategies and risk zone was found. Higher levels of insecurity feelings regarding volcanic risk were associated with the highest stress levels evoked by facing a volcanic risk. A possible application of this study is at the community-service level concerning risk prevention.

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