Antecedent Influences on Children's Extrinsic Motivation to Go Online
Article first published online: 23 FEB 2009
© 2009 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 39, Issue 3, pages 707–733, March 2009
How to Cite
Vieira, Jr., E. T. and Grantham, S. (2009), Antecedent Influences on Children's Extrinsic Motivation to Go Online. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39: 707–733. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00457.x
- Issue published online: 23 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 23 FEB 2009
From a social psychological process framework, this study examines how children's self-esteem influences whether their friends motivate them to go online. Children (ages 8–14; n = 293) completed an online questionnaire. Locus of control orientation is included as mediating the relationship between self-esteem and motivation. Hypotheses were tested using a structural equation model. Results reveal that children with healthy self-esteem perceive themselves as having control of their environments. This positively influences peer-related motivation to go online. Children with lower self-esteem see the world as controlled by others or as the result of luck. This external locus also positively influences peer-related motivation to go online. Girls maintained higher self-esteem, and boys were influenced by external factors.