Juries, Gender, and Assault Weapons1
Article first published online: 9 APR 2009
© 2009 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 39, Issue 4, pages 945–972, April 2009
How to Cite
Meyer, G. E., Baños, A. S., Gerondale, T., Kiriazes, C., Lakin, C. M. and Rinker, A. C. (2009), Juries, Gender, and Assault Weapons. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39: 945–972. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00467.x
- Issue published online: 9 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 9 APR 2009
Firearms appearance can have psychological import in legal proceedings by keying aggressive ideations, impacting sentencing and gender-based attributions. We presented mock jurors with a homeowner's defensive gun use. Reasonable arguments were for shooting or not in the scenario by the defendant. The firearm varied in type. Assault rifle use led to harsher legal outcomes than did other firearms. A female defendant was at more risk than a male. In the last experiment, a police shooting scenario was tested. In that case, the male officer was at more risk than the female officer when wielding the assault rifle. Weapons and gender interactions were, for the most part, congruent with social cognitive theories of attribution and weapons priming of aggressive ideation.