Getting the Job: Attributional Retraining and the Employment Interview1
Version of Record online: 9 APR 2009
© 2009 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 39, Issue 4, pages 973–998, April 2009
How to Cite
Jackson, S. E., Hall, N. C., Rowe, P. M. and Daniels, L. M. (2009), Getting the Job: Attributional Retraining and the Employment Interview. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39: 973–998. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00468.x
- Issue online: 9 APR 2009
- Version of Record online: 9 APR 2009
This study examined the effectiveness of attributional retraining (AR) in an employment interview setting. Our sample consisted of 50 co-operative education students completing job interviews who were randomly assigned to a control or writing-based AR condition. Dependent measures included attributions, expectations, and affect, as well as behavior with respect to an interview skills workshop, and actual employment outcomes. Results showed AR to promote controllable failure attributions, expectations, motivated behavior, and interview success, particularly among participants with maladaptive baseline attributions. Findings further revealed AR effects on emotions mediated by post-treatment attributions. Implications for attribution theory and research on AR in employment settings are discussed.