The authors thank Jim Larson and Olga Reyes for their helpful comments; Tamara Haegerich for case materials; and Alison Perona for reviewing materials for legal realism. We also thank Michaela Drury, Lauren Kasprzyk, Michael Keaveny, Lachelle White, and Lauren Whitehair for their valuable research assistance. This research was supported by grants to the first author from the American Psychology–Law Society, the University of Illinois Department of Psychology, and the American Society of Trial Consultants.
Race Shapes Perceptions of Juvenile Offenders in Criminal Court1
Article first published online: 6 JUL 2009
© 2009 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 39, Issue 7, pages 1660–1689, July 2009
How to Cite
Stevenson, M. C. and Bottoms, B. L. (2009), Race Shapes Perceptions of Juvenile Offenders in Criminal Court. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39: 1660–1689. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00499.x
- Issue published online: 6 JUL 2009
- Article first published online: 6 JUL 2009
We investigated the effects of defendant race, victim race, and juror gender on non-African American mock jurors' perceptions of crimes committed by juvenile offenders. We predicted that mock jurors, particularly men, would render more pro-prosecution case judgments when the defendant was African American than White. We also predicted that defendants would be judged more harshly when the crime victim was portrayed as White rather than as African American. Although there were few main effects of defendant race or victim race on case judgments, defendant and victim race by juror gender interactions revealed that men (but not women) demonstrated the predicted bias against African American defendants and victims. Explanations and implications are discussed.