Predictive Factors of Ethnic Prejudice Toward Immigrants in a Representative Subsample of Spanish Young People1


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    This study was conducted with the assistance of a research grant awarded by the Ayuntamiento de Burgos (Spain) and by the MICT (BSO2001-1236-C07-02). The authors thank Andrew Baum and two anonymous reviewers for their useful comments on earlier versions of this article.

José Luis González-Castro, Universidad de Burgos, Facultad de Humanidades y Educación, Área de Psicología Social, C/Villadiego s/n, Burgos 09001 Spain. E-mail:


This research aimed to study those factors that predict different types of ethnic prejudice in a representative subsample of Spanish young people. The instrument we used was Pettigrew & Meertens' (1995) blatant/subtle prejudice scale. Results show that although there is a similar underlying pattern in both types of ethnic prejudice, subtle prejudice is based more on cultural differences, whereas blatant prejudice also stresses the racial, economic, and labor effects of immigration. Moreover, blatant prejudice is also influenced by the formal level of education and political position. The results are interpreted within the Spanish context; and the implications for identity formation and maintenance, and practical programs directed toward ethnic prejudice awareness are discussed.