Predicting Transformational Leadership in Naval Cadets: Effects of Personality Hardiness and Training
Article first published online: 4 SEP 2009
© 2009 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 39, Issue 9, pages 2213–2235, September 2009
How to Cite
Johnsen, B. H., Eid, J., Pallesen, S., Bartone, P. T. and Nissestad, O. A. (2009), Predicting Transformational Leadership in Naval Cadets: Effects of Personality Hardiness and Training. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39: 2213–2235. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00522.x
- Issue published online: 4 SEP 2009
- Article first published online: 4 SEP 2009
The present study investigated whether personality hardiness predicts peer ratings of leadership style in Navy officer cadets. Cadets (n = 71) completed the Dispositional Resiliency (hardiness) Scale, and later rated their peers using the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (full range of leadership model). Results show the hardy–commitment facet predicted peer ratings of all leadership styles covered in the model, both before and after and intensive military exercise. The challenge facet was a positive predictor of transformational and transactional leadership and was negatively related to passive-avoidant leadership. Transformational leadership predicted leader performance, as indexed by military development grades; and a partial mediation effect was found for hardiness on the relation between transformational leadership and leader performance.