The authors thank Julien Chanal and Damien Tessier for their help in collecting the data, and Brenda Major for her helpful comments on previous drafts of the manuscript.
Can Sex-Undifferentiated Teacher Expectations Mask an Influence of Sex Stereotypes? Alternative Forms of Sex Bias in Teacher Expectations1
Article first published online: 1 OCT 2009
© 2009 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 39, Issue 10, pages 2469–2498, October 2009
How to Cite
Chalabaev, A., Sarrazin, P., Trouilloud, D. and Jussim, L. (2009), Can Sex-Undifferentiated Teacher Expectations Mask an Influence of Sex Stereotypes? Alternative Forms of Sex Bias in Teacher Expectations. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39: 2469–2498. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00534.x
- Issue published online: 1 OCT 2009
- Article first published online: 1 OCT 2009
This research investigated different forms of sex bias in teacher expectations relative to gymnastics performance. First, a laboratory experiment including 163 physical education teachers confirmed that stereotypes favorable to boys may influence teacher expectations in gymnastics. Next, a naturalistic study involving 15 teachers and 422 students showed that teachers expected no sex differences, even though girls performed better than boys. However, this sex bias was a result of reliance on nondiagnostic student personal characteristics favorable to boys, rather than on a stereotype per se. These results suggest that egalitarian beliefs may mask a bias in favor of a social group when group differences actually exist, and that sex-biased teacher expectations do not inevitably involve an influence of sex stereotypes.