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What Is Important on the Job? Differences Across Gender, Perspective, and Job Level1

Authors


  • 1

    This research would not have been possible without the generous support of Personnel Decisions International. The authors give special thanks to Jared B. Kenworthy for his assistance with this project.

Mark C. Frame, University of Texas at Arlington, Department of Psychology, Box 19528, Arlington, TX 76019-0528. E-mail: Dr.Mark.Frame@gmail.com

Abstract

The importance ratings of job competency dimensions on a 360-degree feedback instrument were examined. We hypothesized that men (incumbents and bosses) would rate agentic behaviors higher in importance than would women, and that women (incumbents and bosses) would rate communal behaviors higher in importance than would men. Differences were found for men and women across rating sources and across job level (organizational position). The present findings suggest that men and women incumbents view different factors as important for their jobs and that people in higher level jobs place more importance on agentic behaviors than do those in lower level positions, and people in lower level jobs place more importance on communal behaviors than do those in higher level positions.

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