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Imagery Use and Self-Determined Motivations in a Community Sample of Exercisers and Non-Exercisers1


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    Funding for this study was provided by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

Craig R. Hall, School of Kinesiology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 3K7. E-mail:


This study examined the patterns of imagery use and motivational self-determination, and the relationships between them in regular exercisers (RE), non-exercisers who intend to exercise (NE-I), and non-exercisers who do not intend to exercise (NE-N). A survey was conducted through the random sampling of a large population. The NE-N group reported using the same amount of imagery as the other 2 groups. NE-N participants were the least and RE participants the most self-determined, with NE-I participants in between. The patterns of association among imagery and self-determination were different for the NE-N participants than the other 2 groups. It was concluded that imagery interventions that might be successful with RE and NE-I participants are unlikely to be effective with NE-N participants.