Exertion–Attention–Flow Linkage Under Different Workloads
Article first published online: 20 MAY 2010
© 2010 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 40, Issue 5, pages 1123–1145, May 2010
How to Cite
Connolly, C. T. and Tenenbaum, G. (2010), Exertion–Attention–Flow Linkage Under Different Workloads. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40: 1123–1145. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00613.x
- Issue published online: 20 MAY 2010
- Article first published online: 20 MAY 2010
This study explored a proposed conceptual scheme examining the relationship between perceived exertion, flow, and the attention strategies of association and dissociation. After establishing a maximal baseline, 60 rowers performed at 30%, 50%, and 75% of maximal workloads for 10 min on a rowing ergometer. Results revealed that as workload increased, attention shifted from dissociation to association. Flow also showed a change in endorsement of the 9 dimensions. We found a main effect for gender, but not for experience. Women exhibited higher global flow than did men during the 75% and maximal sessions. Results lend preliminary support for the proposed conceptual scheme in which perceived effort affects attention focus and flow experience. Applied recommendations for coaches and athletes are presented.