This paper is intended to promote the exchange of ideas among researchers and policy makers. The views expressed here are part of ongoing research and analysis and do not necessarily reflect the position of the U.S. Department of the Army.
When Does Soldier Patriotism or Nationalism Matter? The Role of Transformational Small-Unit Leaders
Article first published online: 20 MAY 2010
Journal compilation © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. No claims to original US government works
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 40, Issue 5, pages 1235–1257, May 2010
How to Cite
Griffith, J. (2010), When Does Soldier Patriotism or Nationalism Matter? The Role of Transformational Small-Unit Leaders. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40: 1235–1257. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00617.x
- Issue published online: 20 MAY 2010
- Article first published online: 20 MAY 2010
Patriotism and nationalism, 2 sets of attitudes often associated with the military, are examined in relation to perceived combat readiness and intention to remain in military service. Transformational leadership served as an intervening variable in these relationships. Survey data obtained from a sample of Army National Guard soldiers (N = 415) were used to examine relationships. Among junior-ranking enlisted soldiers, both patriotism and nationalism showed significant, positive associations with perceived combat readiness and intention to remain in military service. The structural equation model fit soldiers' nationalistic attitudes best, having a considerable indirect effect through transformational leadership on perceived combat readiness. Implications of nationalistic and patriotic attitudes combined with charismatic leaders to benefit soldier readiness and retention are discussed.