Prediction of Burnout in Volunteers

Authors

  • M. Pilar Moreno-Jiménez,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Social Psychology, Social Anthropology, Social Work, and Social Services
      University of Málaga
      Málaga, Spain
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  • M. Carmen Hidalgo Villodres

    1. Department of Social Psychology, Social Anthropology, Social Work, and Social Services
      University of Málaga
      Málaga, Spain
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M. Pilar Moreno-Jiménez, Faculty of Psychology, University of Málaga, Campus Teatinos, 29071 Málaga, Spain. E-mail: mpilar@uma.es

Abstract

This work studies the personal experience of volunteering and several antecedent and consequent variables. We studied the effect of the amount of time dedicated to the organization, motivation, social support, integration in the organization, self-efficacy, and characteristics of the work on a consequent variable of the volunteering experience; that is, burnout, with its 3 components of efficacy, cynicism, and exhaustion. The statistical analysis shows that the time dedicated to volunteering and the extrinsic motivations (i.e., social and career) predicts higher levels of burnout, whereas intrinsic motivations (i.e., values and understanding), life satisfaction, and integration in the organization are negatively related to burnout.

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