The Impact of Race-Based Performance Differences on Perceptions of Test Legitimacy
Article first published online: 16 AUG 2010
© 2010 Copyright the Authors. Journal of Applied Social Psychology © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 40, Issue 8, pages 1948–1968, August 2010
How to Cite
Unzueta, M. M. and Lowery, B. S. (2010), The Impact of Race-Based Performance Differences on Perceptions of Test Legitimacy. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40: 1948–1968. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00646.x
- Issue published online: 16 AUG 2010
- Article first published online: 16 AUG 2010
This paper examines if perceptions of test legitimacy increase when racial differences on test performance match the racial status quo or when a perceiver's in-group performs better than expected, relative to other groups. Study 1 assesses expected performance difference for various racial groups on a GRE-like test. Study 2 assesses White and Asian participants' perceptions of legitimacy of a test that either favors the in-group or an out-group. Study 3 replicates Study 2 using individuals from high- and low-status groups (Asians and Latinos, respectively). The findings suggest that the desire to benefit the in-group trumps the desire to justify the status quo in accounting for the impact of race-based performance differences on perceptions of test legitimacy.