Contextual and Individual Predictors of Psychological Disengagement From Sport During a Competitive Event

Authors


Johan Caudroit, Université Paris-sud XI, JE 2494, Bat. 335, 91405 Orsay cedex, France. E-mail: johan.caudroit@u-psud.fr

Abstract

The present study aims to identify the processes underlying athletes' psychological disengagement during a competitive event. It was expected that goal attainment would predict psychological disengagement through the mediation of physical self-worth. It was further hypothesized that athletic identity and passion for the activity would be predictors of psychological disengagement. Athletes completed measures of athletic identity, passion, and physical self-worth before a competition; and perceived goal attainment, physical self-worth, and psychological disengagement after a competition. Physical self-worth mediated the relationship between perceived goal attainment and discounting. Obsessive passion and athletic identity were negatively related to devaluing over and above goal attainment and physical self-worth. The study highlights individual and contextual correlates of psychological disengagement in the sport setting.

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