Natural Rewards Self-Management, Personality, and Achievement Outcomes
Article first published online: 15 SEP 2010
© 2010 Copyright the Authors. Journal of Applied Social Psychology © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 40, Issue 9, pages 2267–2294, September 2010
How to Cite
Lee, F. K. and Turban, D. B. (2010), Natural Rewards Self-Management, Personality, and Achievement Outcomes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40: 2267–2294. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00660.x
- Issue published online: 15 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 15 SEP 2010
The purpose of this paper is to test and examine a model of personality and self-regulation that specifies a possible self-regulatory route to increased performance in achievement contexts—the use of natural rewards self-management strategies, which allow people to create motivating situations by modifying tasks through perceptual or physical means. This model is hierarchically organized with global personality traits (extraversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness) predicting use of natural rewards, and natural rewards influencing attention and effort, which are positively related to performance. Participants were undergraduate students at 3 large state universities, and data were collected at 4 points during the semester. Results from structural equation modeling provided support for the model. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.