This research was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (Grant #R022 25 0201). The authors thank Rebecca Thompson and Sarah Barcock for the collaborative memory task; Evert van de Vliert for the negotiation task; and Jim Harriman and Jack and Harry Telfer St. Claire for the psychomotor task. The authors would also like to dedicate this research to celebrate the life of John Barrett, inspirational psychologist and teacher.
Interactive Effects of Caffeine Consumption and Stressful Circumstances on Components of Stress: Caffeine Makes Men Less, But Women More Effective as Partners Under Stress
Article first published online: 16 DEC 2010
© 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 40, Issue 12, pages 3106–3129, December 2010
How to Cite
St. Claire, L., Hayward, R. C. and Rogers, P. J. (2010), Interactive Effects of Caffeine Consumption and Stressful Circumstances on Components of Stress: Caffeine Makes Men Less, But Women More Effective as Partners Under Stress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40: 3106–3129. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00693.x
- Issue published online: 16 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 16 DEC 2010
We tested whether increased caffeine consumption exacerbates stress and disrupts team performance, and we explored whether “tend and befriend” characterizes women's coping. We gave decaffeinated coffees, half of which contained added caffeine, to coffee drinkers in same-sex, same-aged dyads. We measured individual cognitive appraisals, emotional feelings, bodily symptoms, coping, and performance evaluations, together with dyad memory, psychomotor performance, and negotiation skills under higher or lower stressful conditions. Evidence consistent with the first hypothesis was weak, but we found that women performed better than did men on collaborative tasks under stress, provided caffeine had been consumed. The usefulness of multi component, cognitive-relational approaches to studying the effects of caffeine on stress is discussed, together with special implications of the effects for men.