This research was supported by a National Institute of Mental Health Grant (RO1 MH 066848, “Rural Ecology and Coping with HIV Stigma”) that was obtained by Sondra E. Solomon and Carol T. Miller. The work was also supported by a National Institute of Mental Health Diversity Supplement (1 R01 MH076629-01) awarded to Adam Gonzalez. The authors thank all of the members of the Person Environment Zone Projects, especially Tracy Nyerges and Susan E. Richardson, for their efforts with data collection and management.
A Preliminary Examination of Sexual Orientation as a Social Vulnerability for Experiencing HIV-/AIDS-Related Stigma1
Article first published online: 17 MAY 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 41, Issue 5, pages 1258–1274, May 2011
How to Cite
GONZALEZ, A., GROVER, K. W., MILLER, C. T. and SOLOMON, S. E. (2011), A Preliminary Examination of Sexual Orientation as a Social Vulnerability for Experiencing HIV-/AIDS-Related Stigma. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41: 1258–1274. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00756.x
- Issue published online: 17 MAY 2011
- Article first published online: 17 MAY 2011
This investigation is a preliminary examination of sexual orientation as a social vulnerability for experiencing HIV-/AIDS-related stigma, specifically concerns about disclosure and public attitudes. Participants were 36 heterosexual men and 82 gay men with HIV/AIDS. Consistent with predictions, a heterosexual sexual orientation was significantly associated with HIV/AIDS disclosure concerns. This effect was evident after controlling for various demographic variables, CD4 T-cell count, time since HIV diagnosis, self-esteem, and coping styles. Also as predicted, similar levels of enacted stigma were evident, regardless of sexual orientation. Further work is needed to understand the process of HIV/AIDS disclosure for heterosexual men with this illness and to differentiate the experience of HIV-/AIDS-related stigma among gay and straight men with HIV/AIDS.