The authors thank Gemma Carter, Michelle Cook, Heidi Love, and Natalie Le Brun for their help with data collection.
Achievement Goals, Physical Self-Concept, and Social Physique Anxiety in a Physical Activity Context1
Article first published online: 21 JUN 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 41, Issue 6, pages 1299–1339, June 2011
How to Cite
HAGGER, M. S., HEIN, V. and CHATZISARANTIS, N. L. D. (2011), Achievement Goals, Physical Self-Concept, and Social Physique Anxiety in a Physical Activity Context. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41: 1299–1339. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00761.x
- Issue published online: 21 JUN 2011
- Article first published online: 21 JUN 2011
Three studies tested relations between self-related constructs and approach and avoidance achievement goals in a health-related physical activity context. Physical self-concept was hypothesized to be positively related, and social physique anxiety to be negatively related, to approach goals in physical activity. Achievement goals were also expected to mediate relations between the self-related constructs and behavior. Structural equation models supported the hypothesized pattern of effects in a physical activity context (Study 1). The model for physical activity was invariant across collectivistic and individualistic cultures (Study 2). Relations between physical self-concept, social physique anxiety, and achievement goals were stronger among regular gym and fitness center users than among nonusers (Study 3). The findings are discussed in relation to achievement goal theory.