Personality as a Moderator of the Relationship Between Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity, and Burnout
Version of Record online: 21 JUN 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 41, Issue 6, pages 1275–1298, June 2011
How to Cite
GHORPADE, J., LACKRITZ, J. and SINGH, G. (2011), Personality as a Moderator of the Relationship Between Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity, and Burnout. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41: 1275–1298. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00763.x
- Issue online: 21 JUN 2011
- Version of Record online: 21 JUN 2011
We propose that role conflict and role ambiguity act as stressors to increase burnout. Personality, however, serves as a resource that moderates the negative effects of role conflict and role ambiguity on burnout. To test these hypotheses, we used a sample of 263 faculty members at a large state university. Stepwise regression shows that role conflict increased emotional exhaustion, while extraversion and emotional stability reduced emotional exhaustion. Role conflict increased depersonalization, while agreeableness decreased depersonalization. Role ambiguity reduced personal accomplishments, while agreeableness and emotional stability increased personal accomplishments. Role conflict combined with extraversion, and role ambiguity combined with conscientiousness to increase personal accomplishments. Our results highlight the complexity of burnout in the workplace.