How Do Happy Leaders Enhance Team Success? The Mediating Roles of Transformational Leadership, Group Affective Tone, and Team Processes

Authors

  • NAI-WEN CHI,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Human Resource Management, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan
      Nai-Wen Chi, Institute of Human Resource Management, National Sun Yat-Sen University, 70, Lienhai Road, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan. E-mail: nwchi@mail.nsysu.edu.tw or Iversonchi@hotmail.com
    Search for more papers by this author
  • YEN-YI CHUNG,

    1. Institute of Health Care Management, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung City, Taiwan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • WEI-CHI TSAI

    1. Department of Business Administration, National Chengchi University, Taipei City, Taiwan
    Search for more papers by this author

  • An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 2008 conference of the Asia Academy of Management, Taipei, Taiwan. The authors thank Pao-Cho Dong for his assistance with data collection.

Nai-Wen Chi, Institute of Human Resource Management, National Sun Yat-Sen University, 70, Lienhai Road, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan. E-mail: nwchi@mail.nsysu.edu.tw or Iversonchi@hotmail.com

Abstract

Extending previous research regarding the relationship between leader positive moods and team performance, the present study examined 2 mediating mechanisms that explain the leader positive moods–team performance linkage: transformational leadership, and positive group affective tone. Data were collected from 85 sales teams (85 team leaders, 365 team members). Structural equation modeling analyses were performed to test the hypotheses. The results showed that leader positive moods not only directly enhanced team performance, but also indirectly led to improved team performance through the explicit mediating process (i.e., transformational leadership) and the implicit mediating process (i.e., positive group affective tone). Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Ancillary