This study was supported by the Finnish Cultural Foundation, the European Social Fund, and the National Graduate School of Social Psychology (as a part of Finnish Doctoral Program in Social Sciences). The authors thank Emilia Solares and Jatta Hälvä for their help in data collection and preliminary data analysis, and Erling Solheim for his help with statistics.
The Impact of Perceived Social Norms, Gender, and Intergroup Anxiety on the Relationship Between Intergroup Contact and Ethnic Attitudes of Adolescents1
Article first published online: 12 AUG 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 41, Issue 8, pages 1877–1899, August 2011
How to Cite
MÄHÖNEN, T. A., JASINSKAJA-LAHTI, I. and LIEBKIND, K. (2011), The Impact of Perceived Social Norms, Gender, and Intergroup Anxiety on the Relationship Between Intergroup Contact and Ethnic Attitudes of Adolescents. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41: 1877–1899. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00793.x
- Issue published online: 12 AUG 2011
- Article first published online: 12 AUG 2011
This study addressed the impact of perceived familial and peer norms, gender, and intergroup anxiety on the relationship between the quality of inter-ethnic contact and blatant and subtle ethnic attitudes of adolescents. With regard to the main focus of the study—the moderating effect of perceived norms—familial norms had a gender-specific impact on the relationship between contact quality and subtle attitudes. Further, both familial and peer norms predicted the blatant and subtle attitudes of youth. Contact quantity had no effect, but contact quality had strong effects on both attitudes. Intergroup anxiety had direct and mediating effects on both kinds of attitudes. The results are discussed in relation to social-contextual and developmental factors affecting the formation of ethnic attitudes.