Gender Differences in Healthcare Utilization: The Mediating Effect of Utilization Propensity
Article first published online: 21 DEC 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 42, Issue 5, pages 1266–1279, May 2012
How to Cite
GLAESMER, H., BRÄHLER, E., MARTIN, A., MEWES, R. and RIEF, W. (2012), Gender Differences in Healthcare Utilization: The Mediating Effect of Utilization Propensity. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42: 1266–1279. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00888.x
- Issue published online: 14 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 21 DEC 2011
To evaluate the mediating effect of utilization propensity (UP) on gender differences in healthcare utilization (HCU), a representative sample of the German general population (N = 2,510) was assessed with questionnaires. Gender differences in HCU, UP, and the mediating effect of UP were investigated using regression analyses. UP was significantly associated with HCU. The explanatory power of gender for UP, and of UP for HCU was prevailingly weak. UP had a mediating effect on gender differences in HCU, but the effect was very small. This is partly attributable to common problems in the prediction of behavior by attitudes and the operationalization of UP.