This paper was funded by a grant awarded to Jennifer M. Knack and Lauri A. Jensen-Campbell by Timberlawn Psychiatric Research Foundation, Inc. (Dallas, TX).
Not Simply “In Their Heads”: Individual Differences Associated With Victimization and Health1
Article first published online: 28 MAR 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 42, Issue 7, pages 1625–1650, July 2012
How to Cite
KNACK, J. M., IYER, P. A. and JENSEN-CAMPBELL, L. A. (2012), Not Simply “In Their Heads”: Individual Differences Associated With Victimization and Health. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42: 1625–1650. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00898.x
- Issue published online: 4 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 28 MAR 2012
Research has not examined whether victimization predicts health after controlling for personality differences associated with victimization and health. In Study 1, college students (N = 1182) completed surveys assessing victimization, health, and personality. In Study 2, college students (N = 69) participated in a short-term longitudinal study that examined whether (a) victimization would predict health changes; (b) increases in victimization would lead to increased health problems; and (c) fall health would predict spring victimization when personality was considered. After controlling for individual differences, we found victimization predicted health outcomes (Study 1) and health problems over time (Study 2). These findings suggest the victimization–health link may occur because of physiological changes, rather than personality differences associated with victimization and health.