The writing of this paper was supported by a grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (Grant 10017 122366/1). The authors thank Mark Schaller for his helpful comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.
Preventing Contagion With Avian Influenza: Disease Salience, Attitudes Toward Foreigners, and Avoidance Beliefs1
Article first published online: 18 APR 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 42, Issue 6, pages 1451–1466, June 2012
How to Cite
KRINGS, F., GREEN, E. T., BANGERTER, A., STAERKLÉ, C., CLÉMENCE, A., WAGNER-EGGER, P. and BORNAND, T. (2012), Preventing Contagion With Avian Influenza: Disease Salience, Attitudes Toward Foreigners, and Avoidance Beliefs. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42: 1451–1466. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00907.x
- Issue published online: 8 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 18 APR 2012
Building on an evolutionary approach to out-group avoidance, this study showed relations between perceived disease salience and beliefs in the efficacy of avoiding foreigners as protective measures in the context of a real-life pandemic risk; i.e., avian influenza. People for whom avian influenza was salient and who held unfavorable attitudes toward foreigners were more likely to believe that avoiding contact with foreigners protects against infection. This finding suggests that individual differences in social attitudes moderate evolved mechanisms relating threat of disease to out-group avoidance.