At time of research: Juxta Program/Police Department Amsterdam-Amstelland, The Netherlands.
Feelings of Safety: Ironic Consequences of Police Patrolling
Article first published online: 24 OCT 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 42, Issue 12, pages 3114–3125, December 2012
How to Cite
van de Veer, E., de Lange, M. A., van der Haar, E. and Karremans, J. C. (2012), Feelings of Safety: Ironic Consequences of Police Patrolling. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42: 3114–3125. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00967.x
- Issue published online: 17 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 24 OCT 2012
Increasing police patrolling is often assumed to be an effective means of enhancing general feelings of safety. This relationship between perceiving police and feelings of safety was tested by having police officers patrol during a field experiment (Study 1) and by manipulating the police presence in pictures of neighborhoods in a laboratory experiment (Study 2). Both studies show that in environments that are generally considered to be safe, feelings of safety are not increased by police presence. Moreover, men feel less safe when police are present compared with when police are absent. The results are discussed in terms of possible underlying mechanisms and implications for police patrolling.