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Prospective Examination of Self-Regulatory Efficacy in Predicting Walking for Active Transportation: A Social Cognitive Theory Approach


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Daniel Fuller, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, 1430 Boulevard du Mont-Royal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada H2V 4P3. E-mail:


Walking for transportation is associated with health benefits. Minimal theory-based research has examined social cognitive and environmental predictors. This study examined social cognitions (self-regulatory efficacy to plan/schedule and overcome barriers; distance and travel time cognitions) and an environmental factor (proximity) as predictors of walking for transportation. Participants (n = 105) were university students, faculty, and staff, living within a walkable distance to campus. Social cognitions and proximity measures were completed at baseline, followed by walking for transportation to/from the campus over 2 weeks. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis predicted walking (R2adjusted = .55; p < .05). Self-regulatory efficacy to plan/schedule and overcome barriers were independent predictors (p's < .01). Findings supported theoretical contentions that self-regulatory efficacy predicts walking for transportation.