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Exploring the Nomological Network of Workplace Deviance: Developing and Validating a Measure of Constructive Deviance

Authors


  • Author Note: Bella L. Galperin, Department of Management, The University of Tampa.
  • This research was supported in part by grants from Concordia University, Fonds FCAR of the Quebec Government, and The University of Tampa David Delo Research Professor Grant. I would like to thank Vishwanath V. Baba, Alfred Jaeger, Muhammad Jamal, Gary Johns, Rebecca J. Bennett, and Karl Aquino for their advice on earlier versions of this manuscript.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Bella L. Galperin, Department of Management, The University of Tampa, 401 W. Kennedy Boulevard, Tampa, FL 33606-1490, USA. E-mail: Bgalperin@ut.edu

Abstract

This paper explores the nomological network of workplace deviance by incorporating constructive deviance behavior. Constructive deviance focuses on behaviors that are intended to benefit the organization. In a series of three studies, a reliable and valid measure of constructive deviance behavior is developed. Individual and contextual-level factors that facilitate constructive and destructive deviance are examined. The results suggest that while Machiavellianism is an important personality variable in predicting both constructive and destructive deviance, role breadth self-efficacy is a central mechanism in understanding constructive but not destructive deviance. It was also found that access to information within the organization is a central contextual variable in eliciting both forms of deviance. Future research and implications are discussed.

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