Authors' Note: The findings were presented at the 13th European Conference on Personality, Athens, Greece, July 2006.
Self-efficacy, self-esteem, and entrepreneurship among the unemployed
Article first published online: 21 JAN 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 43, Issue 2, pages 253–262, February 2013
How to Cite
Laguna, M. (2013), Self-efficacy, self-esteem, and entrepreneurship among the unemployed. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43: 253–262. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00994.x
- Issue published online: 14 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 21 JAN 2013
This study focuses on entrepreneurial self-efficacy, general self-efficacy, and global self-esteem and on their role in the entrepreneurial process. Apart from providing evidence of the relationship between these self-beliefs and entrepreneurial intention, it also demonstrates how they are related to actual business start-up. Longitudinal data were obtained from 332 unemployed individuals. After 1 year, official confirmations of new firm registrations were collected. Higher levels of all 3 self-referent beliefs were positively associated with entrepreneurial intention. Multivariate analyses showed that entrepreneurial and general self-efficacy beliefs were important predictors of this intention. Self-referent beliefs accounted for an additional 12% of the variance in entrepreneurial intention and for an additional 4% of the variance in actual business start-up beyond the demographic variables.