Relational approach to work: conceptual definition and scale development


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Cynthia Trapani Matthew, Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, 207 High Street, Middletown, CT 06459, USA. E-mail:


The aim of this study is to conceptually define and develop a scale to measure relational behavior in the workplace associated with theorized differences in how women and men approach work. Drawing from the gender studies and organizational literatures, the construct is defined and a relational approach to work scale is developed. Data were collected from a sample of 223 graduate students with work experience. Findings show preliminary evidence of reliability and validity.