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Comparison Between Turkish Cardiovascular Risk Platform and United States National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III Definitions of the Metabolic Syndrome in Turkish Adults

Authors


Ahmet Selçuk Can, MD, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul Science University, Buyukdere Cad. No: 120, Esentepe, Sisli, Istanbul 34394, Turkey
E-mail: selcukcan@endokrinoloji.com

Abstract

The Turkish Cardiovascular Risk Platform (TCRP) calls for the diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome (MS) if insulin resistance, impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or diabetes mellitus and ≥2 other established criteria are present. TCRP defines insulin resistance as a homeostasis model assessment >2.7. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare TCRP guidelines with the United States National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP) definition of MS in Turkish adults (N=1690). The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of MS was 25% with the TCRP and 40% for the NCEP definition. Patients with MS identified by the NCEP definition but not by the TCRP definition had lower body mass index and less insulin resistance, but had a similarly adverse cardiovascular risk factor profile to those with TCRP-identified MS, with high blood pressure, waist circumference, triglycerides, and total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio. Other national health organizations should avoid using homeostasis model assessment as a prerequisite for diagnosing MS. Modification of the NCEP definition would be more appropriate for ethnic groups with different body sizes.

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